Occupation Measures

 The occupation authorities took many procedures during the last several years against both the Golan and its inhabitants. These included; land confiscation, settlements construction, control of the underground water, installation of local councils, imposing the marketing methods of agricultural products and preventing the establishment of charity societies, yet the most extreme measures of all, was imposing Israeli identity card upon the Golan Arab Inhabitant, and depriving them from their Syrian Arab identity and Arabism. To legalize such action, the Knesset Interior and Security Committee discussed amending the Naturalization Law so that the Israeli Government could naturalize the Golan Inhabitants as Israeli Citizens. The final text of such law was adopted by the Committee on 22 July 1980, enacting it as a law that entitles the Government to grant Israeli Nationality to the Golan inhabitants, but such decision was not implemented until late in 1980. Another more risky procedure was the decision of the Golan annexation. These two proposals were frozen under the pressure of the Knesset Opposition, represented largely by the Ma’rakh Party; now the Labour. The Mapam party (United workers Party) issued a statement on 17 November 1980 opposing the Golan annexation because it would make impossible any future settlement with Syria. The law was eventually passed on 14 December 1980 by the Knesset with a majority of 63 votes of Likud and Mefdal and 8 of Ma’rakh, against 21 votes of Hadash (Democratic front for peace and equality), Shinui (center party) and "Talam" and 13 of Ma’rakh, whereas "Agudat Israel" Block abstained. In December 1981, the Israeli Government decided to annex the Syrian Occupied Golan. Overruling the more cautious minority in his cabinet, on 14 December. Ex-Premier Begin pushed through the kenesset a bill which extended Israeli laws, Jurisdiction and administration to the territory Israel had occupied since 1976 the UN security council unanimously condemned the action and gave Israel two weeks to rescind its decision. When the Israel government refuse to comply, the security council reconvened at the beginning of January 1982 in order to study what measures should be taken against Israel: Syria advocated a resolution calling for mandatory sanctions under chapter seven of the UN charter; while Jordan Introduced a milder resolution calling merely for voluntary sanctions against Israel even this was too strong for the USA, which vetoed it, although it claimed at the same time stressing its opposition to the annexation.






The Zionism Schemes and Golan Occupation


The Zionism's greediness in the Golan precedes the foundation of Israel in 1948. Some supporting examples are listed hereunder: The World Zionist Organization's memo addressed to the Paris Peace Conference on February 3, 1919 specified that:

"Hermon is the true father of Palestine's water. It is inseparable from Palestine unless a crucial blow is inflicted, on Palestine's life. It has, therefore, to be kept dominated by those who are better capable and more desiring to restore it to its maximum profusion".

It is astonishing that Zionists spoke in 1919 of Palestine when they had constituted less than 8% of its population as if they had actually occupied it. Louis Brandes, the American Zionism representative, cabled Wizemann on February 16, 1920, that "It is necessary, in order to secure the Country economical development in the north, that Palestine should include Litany River resources at Hermon and the Golan and Hoaran Plains in the east."

Cabling Saint Rimmo Conference on 29.12.1919 Wizemann said:"The Sykes-Picot Line isn't meeting its minimum demands because it cuts off water resources and deprives the National HOMEland of some of the very best settlement fields in the Golan and Hoaran upon which the success of the whole project depends".

In 1920, Ben Gorion said in a Memo, on behalf of the Zionist Labor Union:"We have permanently requested that Israel should include the southern banks of Litany River and Hoaran Region, south of Damascus". He continued; "The Country is in need of such water".It is strange that Ben Gurion was then planning to dominate the whole of Palestine, when Jews had constituted less than 8% of its population, and to usurp not only Palestine, but also the Golan and Hoaran. This expansionist logic is renewing the alleged pleas to justify its plans. It wanted to seize lands of others in order to dominate the water resources. Would the World Opinion accept that Egypt occupies the Nile Resources in Ethiopia and Sudan in application of such logic? What if Zionists had chosen Romania for their State and decided thereafter to occupy the Danube Resources through Austria?

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Falsification of History

 The Golan historic sites indicate that the region had been inhabited ever since the Stone Age, and that stone tools in the pre-historic ages have been invented in that area. The Golan monuments indicate continuity in civilization. Discovered monuments belonged to the different pre-historic, Ammorite, Aramean, Anbatian, Ghassanian, Islamic and contemporary stages through which Syria went through. The excavations of stone tools going back to pre-historic ages, confirm that the region has been inhabited ever since the stone age. The historical remains indicate that the Golan was the passage way from Damascus to Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. There are many mobile finds, such as pottery, glass, metal, textile, jewels, ivory, weapons, minting and others. Such finds date back to various periods starting with the Stone Age right up to the Islamic Ages. There are many remains still in place, such as military buildings; fortress and castles, palaces, an ancient playground, an ancient amphitheater and bathes of Alhimmeh, mills of olive and grapes, stone grinders, pre-historic symetries, the Temple of Pan the God of Shepherds in Banias, the Old Syrianian Syrian Church in Kafr Nassej and others.There are buildings used as hostels (khans) for the trade caravans, the foremost of which are Khan Asheeh, Khan Arnabeh and Khan Alqunaitra. Such Khans were basic stops on the Damascus - Jerusalem - Egypt Road. The most important of the Golan antiquities is the Assabeebeh Castle; 550 M long, 30 M wide and 300 M above the sea and overlooking the Harmon.Further, There are many pre-historic symetries, the foremost of which are Rajm Alherri and Ashab’aniyeh Grave Yard.

Israel, however, ever Since its occupation of the Syrian Golan, june4th 1967, Zionism has spared no effort to integrate Golan history into Zionism. And for this purpose, 10s of scientific research centers have been set up in different parts of the world. These centers aimed at deforming all data of Arab history and culture through rewriting the history of the Arab from Zionist literature.

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A Glimpse of History

Currently, the number of the people expelled from Golan by Israeli in 1967 has exceeded 400.000, distributed throughout the Syrian cities, in temporary settlements. At a time when primitive man living in the old Stone Age, or what was known as the Paleolithic period, 1600 depended on animal hunting for survival in various part of the world where he was found, It has been discovered that the man living at the same period in south Syria depended on means of agriculture. For Archeologists have proved that it was in Syria that agriculture and the domestication of animals began. This was thanks to the availability of two grains important to early man wild barley and wheat, and the existence of the earliest domesticated animals; goats, sheep and cattle in the same general area. The following period was known as "Neolithic" and can be divided into "Pre-Pottery Neolithic", when man discovered the making of bricks and thus built houses made of bricks. The earliest Neolithic Levels are dated to 7000 BC. And after nearly 1000 year, man molded clay to make pottery.

And just like the rest of Syria, the Golan was inhabited by various people. And it is certain from records which have survived times, that the population of the Golan was of Arab Semitic origin. (Not forgetting the outside foreign invader that occupied the region from the time to time such as the Pharaons, Greeks, Romans and crusaders). These Arab Semitic people were the Canaanite, the Amorite around 3rd to 2nd millennium, the Aramaean who appeared towards the end of the 2nd millennium. The Arab-Muslim Liberation of Syria was accomplished easily. Hardly fighters, united in their creed and boundless in their ambition, they permanently removed the region from the Byzantine control. The Muslims fought a triumphant battle in the Yarmouk Valley "Yarmouk Battle" in the 7th century, after gaining control over Damascus.

Among the historians and archeologists who reported about the Golan are Schomar confirmed in his study the existence of ancient population settlements in the Golan and listed over 100 archeological sites, (Schomar, The Golan, London 1899, English Edition, P. 304), Oarman defined (in one of his studies) 211 sites that dated back to the Roman and Byzantine Periods. He mentioned the existence of many sites which confirmed that the Golan had been inhabited since the Stone Age. The Golan was mentioned in the region’s history of polities and civilization since the days of Egypt’s Pharaohs, Kings of Al-Sham and Mesopotamia. The Golan was mentioned in the cuneiform documents discovered in Mesopotamia. The Golan was mentioned in Greek and Roman geographical writings, such as those of Flavius Youseifus (73 - 100 AD), Izius of Quissaria (263 - 339 AD) and Saint Jeerom (345 - 420 AD). The Golan was mentioned in many works of Arab geographers, such as Al-Massoudi, Al-Maqdissi, Abi Fida’a, Yacout and others.

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A piece of the Heart!

The Occupied Golan make up 1% of the total area of Syria, about 1860 km2. Situated to the extreme south western Syria, it overlooks the lower branch of the Yarmuk River on the South, and Jabal Ash-shayk (Mt.Hermon) which draws the Syrian Lebanese boundaries, on the North ,and reaching Taiberias lake to the South forming a border with Occupied Palestine and Israel. To the East lies Al Raquad valley, in Syria. The Golan district has always been an important route of the transportation through out old and modern ages, of history. It connects important populated communities that make up what is regionally known as the Sham countries (Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon). It is also a natural route between two important Arab capitals, one in Asia, Damascus, and the other in Africa, Cairo. This contributed to the rise of the Golan's capital "AL-Qunaitra" as the most important crossroad on the way to Damascus, Al-Quds (Jerusalem) & Cairo, throughout different stages in history. The Golan, situated between the subtropical arid zone prevailing from the nearby African continent, coming from the south and the tropical wet zone prevailing from the Mediterranean near by coast in the north, experiences climatic contrasts.

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