"Whatever achievements the Syrian and Iraqi armies in the fight against terrorism is an important step to achieve stability and security for the Syria and Iraq, because the enemy is common and the battle is one against the schemes as to weaken and dismember the countries of the region through the tools of the terrorist organizations."

From President Assad's statements, May 18, 2017.

"In order to talk about somethng realistic, I would give you an example. We were asked to side with the West, with the United States in particular, in 2003, in its war against Iraq. We knew that the Iraq war was a series of events aiming at partitioning the region, and we knew very well that the conferences which were held before the war in order to define the future of post-war Iraq, all discussed a future sectarian Iraq, and not a unified Iraq.
So, we knew that what was happening in Iraq will be carried over to Syria and to the whole region. Had we taken part in such a project at that time, the situation in Syria would have been much worse than if we had refused to do so. That’s why I used to say that the price for rejection or resistance is much less than the price of submission and surrender. I said this many times in the past, and the events in Syria came to prove this argument. What helped Syria to stand fast today is that it is unified. Had we gone along with the sectarian project, following the Iraqi or Lebanese model, as the Americans wanted us to do then, we would have been a country torn by a real civil war. Civil war would have been a reality, not merely a term used to describe what’s going on."

From President Assad's Croatian Newspaper Vecernji List Interview, April 6, 2017

" First of all, if you want to be very transparent, ISIS was created under the supervision of the United States, whether in Iraq in 2006; before it was ISIS, it was IS, Islamic State, it was in Iraq only, restricted to Iraq. Then when the conflict started in Syria, it became ISIS, of Syria and Iraq, and later Turkey sponsored this State, because they used to use the Syrian oil fields in order to export and to get money and to recruit more fighters, and Turkey was directly involved in the smuggling of oil, with the involvement and complicity of Erdogan himself with ISIS. So, we cannot expect to have genuine fight against ISIS by Turkey or the United States, and the recent, more stark example is the attack on Palmyra a few weeks ago, when they could retake Palmyra under the supervision of the Americans, under the surveillance of the American drones; they came through the desert and they occupied Palmyra. Today, we are talking, and ISIS has been attacking Deir Ezzor in the eastern part of Syria, and the Americans did nothing to stop ISIS. This is where the so-called international alliance against terrorism has been working for more than one year and a half now, and they achieved nothing, because they are not serious. For Turkey, Erdogan is Muslim Brotherhood, he’s instinctively and innately sympathetic and linked and close and adhered to the ISIS and to Al Qaeda because they have the same ideology, he cannot be away from them. He tries to do some maneuvers, to show that he’s against those terrorists, ISIS and al-Nusra, but actually on daily basis he supports those organizations, and without his support, they cannot survive."

From President Assad's  interview to the Japanese TBS TV, January 20, 2017.

 

"We are defending our country against the terrorists that have been invading Syria as proxies to other countries. So, if you want to go back to that word, the “war criminal,” I think the first one who should be tried under that title are the Western officials; starting with George Bush who invaded Iraq without any mandate from the Security Council. Second, Cameron and Sarkozy who invaded and destroyed Libya without mandate from the Security Council. Third, the Western officials who are supporting the terrorists during the last five years in Syria, either by providing them with political umbrella, or supporting them directly with armaments, or implementing embargo on the Syrian people that has led to the killing of thousands of Syrian civilians."

From President Assad's Swiss SRF 1 TV Interview, October 19, 2016

 

"The truth is that ISIS was created in Iraq in 2006. It was the United States which occupied Iraq, not Syria. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was in American prisons, not in Syrian prisons. So, who created ISIS, Syria or the United States?"

From President Al-Assad's interview with the French 'Paris Match Magazine, December 4, 2014.

"the stance of Iraq is objective and truthful, hence the danger looming over Syria looms over Iraq too."

From H.E. President Al-Assad’s interview with Al-Mayadeen TV, October 21,2013

"What has the world achieved from the wars in Iraq and other places?"

From H.E. President Al-Assad's Le Figaro Interview September 3, 2013.

"It is for this reason that we are observing carefully the unfolding events in Iraq - they will affect us directly. This was also for this reason that we adamantly opposed the war on Iraq, despite a mixture of American temptations and threats at the time. We rejected losing our stability in return for appeasing the Americans. Sectarian systems are dangerous and that is why we insist on the secular model where all citizens are equal regardless of religion."

From H.E. President Bashar Al-Assad ‘s Interview with the German Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper June 17,2013.

"Iraq which played a very active role in supporting Syria during the crisis because it is a neighboring country and they understand and recognize that if you have a war inside Syria you will have war in the neighboring countries including Iraq."

From H.E. President Bashar Al-Assad's RT TV Interview , November 9 , 2012.

 

"Has the Arab league been able to prevent the partition of Sudan or prevent the killing of over a million Iraqis or feed a single starved Somali?"

From H.E. President Al-Assad's 2012 Speech at Damascus University.

"I remind you of the “domino effect” term which was used after the invasion of Iraq when the United States assumed then under the former administration that the Arab countries are domino blocks and the American projects will hit just one of these blocks and the others will fall. What happened is the exact opposite when their projects turned into domino blocks, we hit them and they started to fall one after another. This one will fall too."

From President Bashar Al-Assad's a Speech at the People's Assembly March 30, 2011.

"If you want to talk about stability in Iraq, I am the one who is interested in having stability in Iraq more than the U.S. because it is my neighborhood. If I do not help Iraq to have stability, I am shooting myself in the foot. Second, if they say they need peace in the Middle East, I am the one who is interested in having peace because then I will have prosperity, openness and a flourishing economy."

From President Al-Assad Interview with Wall Street Journal, January 31, 2011.

"Normally I cannot control my border with Iraq for example. I am having smuggling of armaments from Iraq; this is a normal situation in the region as long as you do not have stability in the region, you will have this sort of thing. Smuggling is something normal and nobody can control it even if you put an army on the borders you cannot control it."

From President Al-Assad Interview with Wall Street Journal, January 31, 2011.

  

"Normally I cannot control my border with Iraq for example. I am having smuggling of armaments from Iraq; this is a normal situation in the region as long as you do not have stability in the region, you will have this sort of thing. Smuggling is something normal and nobody can control it even if you put an army on the borders you cannot control it. So, again deal with the main issue, the peace process, this is where we can solve everything at once; you do not have to deal with every small problem, and it is like mercury you cannot catch it."

From H.E.'s Interview with Wall Street Journal, (January 31, 2011)

  "Now, during the second stage there is the formation of the government… we wish Iraq would be able to form it as soon as possible in order to move into the political process; Syria contacts with all Iraqi powers and always stresses the need for agreement among these powers. We have no special viewpoint on the form of the government as long as it will reflect national consensus or an Iraqi national unity government.''

From H.E.'s Statements during His visit to France, (December 9, 2010)

 ''The Syrian vision since the Iraqi elections ended was that Syria should build good relations with all Iraqi sides for two reasons: the first is because Syria wants good relations with the next Iraqi government, no matter what government it is. The second reasons is that if Syria wants to help the Iraqis if they so desire, it must have good relations with all sides. It's not possible to play a positive role in Iraq if relations are good with one side and bad with the other. That is why we say that the problem isn't about who will head the government… the main problem is how the government will be formed, what kind of national government that includes all forces, and what is the national unity government's program regarding Iraq's stability, the withdrawal of foreign forces, and relations with the neighboring countries, and before these points what is its program towards the relation between Iraqi forces in the political arena… In turn, the national unity government must translate its composition into national unity on the popular level,"

From H.E.'s Al-Hayat Daily Interview, (October 27, 2010)

 "Any foreign role in Iraq is not positive, as the basic role is the Iraqi role, but when this role is weakened for particular reasons… the US role exists in a state of vacuum created after the war and the invasion. We must be objective… we cannot say that this is a problem caused by the Iraqis… the Iraqis must overcome this stage. But when we say others from outside we cannot talk about anyone while the US created all the problems in Iraq. First, we talk about the US, then we talk about our absence, and then we talk about anyone else if we want to criticize any role.''

From H.E.'s Al-Hayat Daily Interview, (October 27, 2010)

 ''It's natural for the countries neighboring Iraq to be concerned, and at the same time hopeful concerning any change taking place in Iraq, because it affects us negatively or positively according to the situation in Iraq on the political or security levels.''

From H.E.'s Press Conference with Premier Erdogan, ( October 11, 2010)

 ''Definitely, to discuss this topic does not mean that we, as Iraq's neighboring countries, Syria, Turkey or others, are speaking on behalf of the Iraqis. The work and decision remain for the Iraqis''.

From H.E.'s Press Conference with Premier Erdogan, ( October 11, 2010)

 "The sectarian situation is enough for this concern … the sectarian or ethnic division… this situation is a reality in Iraq after the measures taken there following the US occupation… this occupation has never supported any Iraqi political process which we wish to begin with the elections that has recently taken place."

From H.E.'s TRT TV Interview(October 6, 2010)

 "From the beginning, when elections were held, we directly in Syria decided to separate between our disagreement with the Iraqi government and the elections and procedures that will be made to form the government. What is important for Syria in the first place is an Iraqi government that works for the unity, stability and sovereignty of Iraq, on the one hand. On the other hand, the Iraqi government should improve relations with the neighboring countries including Syria."

From H.E.'s TRT TV Interview(October 6, 2010)

 "After elections, communications started between us and the List of Law State headed by al-Maliki. There was transparent talk about the previous stage of disagreement during the past year, as Syria was accused of supporting terrorists in Iraq. Mistakes were clarified. This is why we do not link between disagreements with the previous government and elections. Now, relations have become normal with all parities, the Iraqi list, List of Coalition and the List of Law State. In conclusion, we want good relations with all."

From H.E.'s TRT TV Interview(October 6, 2010)

 ''The borders are not envelopes to be sealed.  You can control, you can monitor something like this so they’re not realistic.  This is the second time they’ve mentioned Syria smuggling or helping terrorists to be smuggled inside Iraq.  It’s like shooting yourself in the foot because when you help the terrorists in Iraq, they will attack you from in Syria.''

From H.E.'s PBS Interview  (May 28, 2010)

 ''Helping terrorists in Iraq means helping the chaos.  And chaos is contagious.  When you have chaos in Iraq means you are going to have chaos in Syria.  It’s going to become more violent, more sectarian, division later.  And this division is going to be like going — will affect the region from Morocco in the West to Indonesia in the East.''

From H.E.'s PBS Interview  (May 28, 2010)

 "Regarding Iraq, viewpoints were in agreement on the next Iraqi government which has two tasks: Uniting all the Iraqis in order to restore Iraq's natural role, which naturally means ending the occupation, and the second point is that this government must be able to build good relations with Iraq neighboring countries."

 From H.E.'s Press Conference with His Turkish Counterpart, H.E. President Gul, (May 8, 2010)

 "The Americans, simply, do not know what is going on in Iraq. In Iraq there is no vision until now on what is the solution in Iraq, there is no awareness of what is going on and we talk with them but the worst thing is connected with the security aspects. The borders can only be controlled by two parties but if there is not other party, how can you evaluate the border control process…"

 From H.E.'s Press Interview with Al-Manar Satellite TV, (March 24, 2010)

 "We do not replace the Palestinians , we stand with the Palestinian and that means they should take their own decision and determine their direction and we extend help, but the solution will not come from Syria nor from Egypt  Saudi Arabia , or from any other state. If the solution doesn't come from the Palestinian arena, then we all will fail in any role we play…"

 From H.E.'s Press Interview with Al-Manar Satellite TV, (March 24, 2010)

 "The talks, further, dealt with the latest developments of conditions in Iraq; we voiced hope that the results of the recently-held parliamentary elections would be positively reflected upon the security and stability of Iraq; which is part and parcel of the region security and stability,''

 From H.E.'s Press Conference with the Italian President, (March 18, 2010)

 ''Our talks covered, beside the issue of bilateral relations, other issues present in our political arena: Iraq and the forthcoming elections there and their impact on the political process, as well on stability, and the withdrawal of occupation troops later, with its influence on the region future in general.''

From His Excellency's Press Conference with Iran's President Ahmadinejad, (February 25, 2010)

 They [American officials] only talk about the borders; this is a very narrow-minded way. But we said yes. We said yes—and, you know, during Bush we used to say no, but when Mitchell came [as Obama’s envoy] I said O.K.… I told Mitchell by saying this is the first step and when find something positive from the American side we move to the next level…. We sent our delegation to the borders and [the Iraqis] did not come. Of course, the reason is that [Nouri] al-Maliki [the Prime Minister of Iraq] is against it. So far there is nothing, there is no cooperation about anything and even no real dialogue.

From His Excellency's ''Direct Quotes'' by the New Yorker, (February 3, 2010)

   “Let’s not hurry. Let’s go step by step. Let’s take one step and stop to look at the result, and then take another step. Let us look if two separate small economies or one large economy is better. This is what we want to do. Let’s think of  Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Turkey. We want to create a joint economic region, make joint giant projects. We are calculating how we can connect the Red Sea to Europe and the Mediterranean. The prosperity of those four economies working together is apparent. We are building a joint future.” 

From His Excellency's Interview with the Turkish 'Hurriyet' Daily, (November 8, 2009)

 ''There are both positive and negative aspects to the developments that occurred after the occupation of Iraq. On the negative side, in terms of the consequences of the war, the security situation in Iraq, as we all know, is very bad. Confusion and chaos create a suitable environment for terrorism everywhere. And terrorism will use this environment in order to strike other countries. In this respect, the post-war region is no more stable than before. But, as you know, there are always “buts,” and there were things that we have learned from this process. In the first place, we must note that we have learned that the attitudes and views of Turkey and Syria were right and correct. As you know, before the war in Iraq, the leaders of some countries had come to us and lectured us. But, it came out that they were wrong and we were right. By the way, we have learned another thing: The solution offered from outside the region does not always solve the issue. We have insistently asserted that this occupation will not be a solution, but will have destructive effects. That is, we need to make this distinction: We need to stress that there is a difference between having good relations and surrendering.''

From His Excellency's Interview with the Turkish Zaman Paper, (September 15, 2009) 

 ''We were really shocked to hear those accusations because we had signed a strategic cooperation agreement with [Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri] al-Maliki only two days before. Moreover, about 1.5 million Iraqi refugees are living in Syria. Despite this, we are accused of killing Iraqi people. Some claim that Baathist insurgents are backed by Syria. Such a thing is illogical. The problem is inside [Iraq]. There is an atmosphere of conflicts and clashes in Iraq, but Iraqis tend to put the blame on external forces, and they accuse us. Since 2004, they have applied to us many times, demanding that we extradite people from the Iraqi opposition to them. But they do not offer us any proof of the crimes these people are accused of. We tell them that we will give those people to them if they submit evidence to us, but until now, they have failed to provide any such evidence.''

From His Excellency's Interview with the Turkish Zaman Paper, (September 15, 2009)

 ''What is the thing to be internationalized in Iraq! All of Iraq is internationalized since 1990, since the invasion of Kuwait.''

From His Excellency's Press Statements during the Visit of H. E. President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela to Syria, (September 3, 2009)

 ''When Syria is accused of killing Iraqis, while Syria hosts about /1.2/ million of the Iraqis-which is ,of course,  her duty-  this accusation, in the least of words, is an immoral one.''

From His Excellency's Press Statements during the Visit of President Demetris Christofias of Cyprus to Syria, (August 31, 2009)

 '' I can not talk about prospects; hence the prospects are linked to more than a side, we are one of the sides. We, however, can talk about the ambitions of Syria that the relations with all Arab Countries, with no exception, are to be good. If the relations are good, they have to be better; if they are bad, they have to be good. The causes of the problem are clear; when Syria is accused of supporting terrorism, while Syria has been combating terrorism for decades, when the counties of the region, and outside the region, supported the same terrorists; it is a political accusation. But it is with no political logic whatsoever,''

From His Excellency's Press Statements during the Visit of President Demetris Christofias of Cyprus to Syria, (August 31, 2009) 

 '' It is also illegal when Syria is accused of supporting terrorism, though there is no evidence whatsoever for these accusations. Syria does care about the Iraqi People, the lives of the Iraqi People, and the interests of the Iraqi People, and as much as Syria cares about the interests, blood and lives of the Syrian People,''

From His Excellency's Press Statements during the Visit of President Demetris Christofias of Cyprus to Syria, (August 31, 2009)

 “Standing by Iraq as to get recovered is vital through the support for the process of reconciliation, which forms the basis for the Iraqi Territories unity leading to the withdrawal of the last foreign soldier from Iraq.”

From His Excellency’s Statements during Turkish President Visit, (May 15, 2009)

 “The Iraqi people have proved during more than a juncture that they indeed work for keeping Iraq united. With this in mind, we have held discussions on how to support the Iraqi Government in their efforts for the realization of national reconciliation in Iraq reaching to the withdrawal of the last occupation soldier from Iraq.”

From His Excellency’s Statements during Turkish President Visit, (May 15, 2009)

 “Our viewpoints were identical as for the necessity to support the present Iraqi Government in their persistent efforts for the realization of reconciliation among the Iraqi People, and all Iraqi factions, as to reach to the full withdrawal, and the exist of the last foreign occupation soldier from Iraq,”

From His Excellency’s Statements in a Joint Press Conference with His Iranian Counterpart, (May 5, 2009)

 “We have been against the occupation of Iraq; the positive new thing is the announcement of President Obama during his election campaign about his desire to withdraw from Iraq. This is an important point; and we have announced our willingness to help America to withdraw from Iraq; so as to achieve the objective, which the Iraqis have been seeking to achieve. This depends on the US vision,”

From His Excellency the Qatari Al-Sharq Daily Interview, (April 1, 2009)

 “If there were to be a political process including all the colors of the political forces in Iraq, the US exit from Iraq would contribute to stability. If there not to be the political process and the case of confusion to persist, the exit and presence are the same. I am convinced that the condition in Iraq would be improved as far as its domestic situation. There are the political process and the latest elections which given good signals to this effect.”

 From His Excellency Assafir Daily Interview, (March 25, 2009)

 “There is a consensus worldwide that the US could never remain in Iraq, while it feels relaxed. We are keen on Iraq the Arab and united. The Arab Iraq is united. The Arab identity of Iraq does not contradict any culture, race, religion, or any sect which exists in Iraq.”

 From His Excellency Assafir Daily Interview, (March 25, 2009)

 “As long as the occupation persists, there should never be peacefulness regardless of any administration- in the USA-. As to be confident that the political process in Iraq, we have to ask ourselves about the scope to be given to the Iraqis to run their affairs by themselves; if the answer were to be the more of authorities to the Iraqis enabling them to run their affairs, we could say that the matter would make us at peace of mind.”

 From His Excellency Al-Khaleej Newspaper Interview, (March 9, 2009) 

   

 “The stability of Iraq is a vital matter for the region stability. This is never to be realized but through the ending of the foreign occupation, and through the achievement of the national reconciliation among its sons, in all of their belonging, in a way guaranteeing the unity and independence of Iraq away from subordination or dependence on foreign will. So, we renew our support for every effort exerted as to make success of the National Dialogue, as well our preparedness to provide whatever possible support as to accomplish this objective.”

  From His Excellency Speech At the opening of the 2nd Transitional Arab Parliament Session, (November 9, 2008)

  “The Arab presence boosting up in Iraq is our collective responsibility; henceforth, the Arab stance has to be one and united,”

 From His Excellency Speech At the opening of the 2nd Transitional Arab Parliament Session, (November 9, 2008)

 “The latest US aggression on the Syrian Territories proves that the presence of the US occupation troops creates the source for continued threat for the security of the countries neighboring Iraq, as well as a factor for instability for the region. Further, it asserts that the Security Accord aims to transform Iraq to a base as to hit the neighboring, instead of supporting it. Consequently, ending this occupation as soon as possible is the necessity for the independence of the brethren Iraq, as well as the necessity for stability in the region,”

 From His Excellency Speech At the opening of the 2nd Transitional Arab Parliament Session, (November 9, 2008)

 “There is support for the political process in it. There are some unresolved points, which might not lead to the stability there- Iraq- We hope for a soon to be solution through the national dialogue among the Iraqi brethren,”

 From His Excellency Statements at the Quartet Damascus Summit  (September 4, 2008)

 “This is not the debate, this is the wrong debate. I read it in the American media. It is not whether to leave or not. Now, after five years, they made the situation much worse, and it is getting worse everyday. If they withdraw right now, it is bad anyway. So, there is no difference if they leave or not. It is about the political process. First of all, they have to say that they are going to leave, but when and how, this is the question. They have to put a schedule, a certain timetable and at the same time you should have the political process. In that political process, you first have a dialogue, second constitution, third legitimate institutions and in parallel the withdrawal. This is the political process. So, it is not about the concept or the principle: are you going to withdraw or stay in Iraq. You have to withdraw, but how and when? If you use it the right way, if you answer how and when, you can leave Iraq with a better Iraq, not worse. Now they say, if we leave it is going to be worse. Of course, if you leave it like this it is going to be worse.”

From His Excellency Indian Daily, the Hindu Interview (June 12th, 2008)

 “The Arab identity of Iraq is the base for its stability. The issue of Iraq for us in Syria is very fundamental ; we stand against any  country standing against the unity of Iraq. We support the national unity of Iraq, oppose sectarian condition.”, “They have toppled the Ba’ath Party in Iraq. What was the alternative? Was it through national and secular parties. The situation now is that the alternative was a sectarian war. I, however, think, the national trend in Iraq is stronger now in Iraq. It is true that the sectarian trend is strong through the militias , some militias, but I talk of the popular base: the national trend has become stronger.”

 From His Excellency Interview given to the Qatari ‘Al-Wtan’ Daily  (April 27th 2008)

 “The brother Iraq, suffering from hard conditions, requires from us to unify efforts as to support it and help it in the realization of its sovereignty, security, and stability, on the basis of the National Unity comprising all the components of the Iraqi people, as the starting point for the realization of the national reconciliation among its people ,reaching to the realization of the full independence and the evacuation of the last occupation soldier. The stability of Iraq, undoubtedly, concerns all of us; the Arab region and the Middle East in particular and perhaps larger in general can never be stable when Iraq is unstable, as it is today; the stability of Iraq is linked to its unity, which, in turn, is linked to its Arab identity and belonging. So that, we shoulder the responsibly of enforcing the Arab presence in Iraq in cooperation and coordination with its government. Notwithstanding  the importance of international and regional support,  such support, however, can never substitute our role in preserving the stability of Iraq and its Arab identity. “

 From His Excellency Opening  Speech of  20th Arab Summit  (March29th 2008) 

 

“The situation of the brotherly Iraq has gone beyond every imagination ; we have together – with Turkey, stood against the logic of war and occupation since the beginning ;hence they lead but to destructions and catastrophes. The beginning  for a real solution is never to be but through the giving up of the language of force and violence; hence a political process based on an all-out national reconciliation among all the folks of the Iraqi people is the way towards stability on the bases of the Iraqi independence, sovereignty, and integrity of its people and territory.”

From H. E. Press Statements in Turkey  ( October 17, 2007)

 "The unity of Iraq is still a big hope possible to be realized. At the same time, we have to talk of a political process. First, The solution in Iraq must be based on the Arab Identity of Iraq, the Arab Iraq. Second, the assistance as to help in solving the Iraqi crisis should be an Arab one in essence before being a foreign one; the Arab countries should have a basic role. Third, the internal political process in Iraq should include all forces away from the US definitions…. Unfortunately, the Arab role is missing ; two years ago, there was a dialogue between us and several Arab countries concerned directly as to make an Arab initiative; we , however, have not found any response to this effort. Actually the role now is merely a Syrian one ; of course, there is a cooperation with the concerned countries, basically with Turkey and Iran as to preserve the unity of Iraq evading a destructive sedition, and to support at the same time the political process…. I think the current US Administration does not want from the countries neighboring Iraq to help Iraq. We have told the Iraqi officials that the more they are independent, the more Syria is to provide them support; I think that this pertains also to the neighboring countries of Iraq…. They- the Americans, have announced the so-called ‘ creative chaos’ ; we, Arabs, ourselves have not announced this. Consequently, we can say that what is happening is part of a scheme. Second, there are US writings and researches presented during the 1980th regarding the dismemberment of the region starting with Iraq . We judge things by realities, not by intentions; if their intention were to be good, and have destroyed Iraq and the region; can we speak of their intention as good! The issue is not that of a slap in the face , it is the issue of destroying the region which has millions of people. We can never judge intentions in such a case. The result is the destruction, division, sabotage and sedition."

From H. E. ’s Al Shirouq Daily Interview  ( October 11, 2007)

  "So far we have received but the promises, nothing concrete ever. We fully shoulder all the burdens. Recently, I have heard a statement from the Iraqi premier that he was to provide small amounts : 18 million US Dollar to Syria, I think 12 million Dollar to Jordan and perhaps to other countries. 18 million US Dollar for who shelters hundreds of thousands are nothing. We provide of Fuel support only about a billion US Dollar for a million and a half of the Iraqis in Syria…. The Iraqi citizen now shares the Syrian citizen all the services. The sheltering of the Iraqi citizen in Syria , notwithstanding the economic burdens, provides Iraq a positive value as to enable the Iraqi citizen to live. We believe that our hosting of the Iraqi citizen is political before being an economic one."

From H. E. ’s Al Shirouq Daily Interview  ( October 11, 2007)

   “We are already paying the price of the chaos in Iraq. You know about the refugees in Syria; we have about 1.5 million. So we are paying the price. What is the goal of Syria in ignoring those people or those terrorists who cross the borders as they claim? Actually, the problem is political. Whenever you do not have a real political process in Iraq, you will have this chaos, and you will have the fertile ground for the terrorists. These are the issues.”

From H. E. ’s BBC Interview  ( October 1, 2007)

 “What do they do, those terrorists in Iraq? They kill civilians, they create chaos. What interest have Syria in having chaos in Iraq? Chaos is contagious. If we help the chaos in Iraq, this means we work against our interest. So we do our best to control our borders, first of all for the Syrians; second, for the Iraqis; third, for the region.”

 From H. E. ’s  CBS News  Interview,   (September 6 2007)

 “We¹re talking about the results. It's getting worse every day, nothing is better. Sometimes it gets better, but it's like a flash in the pan; it just disappears, it's transient. We're talking about the result; the chaos is worse, the killing is worse than before.”

 From H. E. ’s  CBS News  Interview,   (September 6 2007)

  “We have to take the context of the events since the war, after four years ... every day is getting worse than before. So I cannot say that American forces will bring stability to Iraq. This is for sure. Some say if they leave, it will get worse, maybe. So this is not a debate. As principle they have to leave.”

 From H. E. ’s  CBS News  Interview,   (September 6 2007)

 “My priority now is the stability in Iraq. It doesn't matter if the United States leaves today or tomorrow. My priority is the Iraqi people and my country. And of course, if the success means political stability, we don't have any problem because we support any country in the world, including the United States, in succeeding in Iraq in that regard.”

 From H. E. ’s  CBS News  Interview,   (September 6 2007)

 Regarding Iraq, H. E. President Al-Assad said there is “the inability of the occupation forces to provide the minimum limit of security”; reiterating the need for “national reconciliation”,  on the basis of the dialogue among all its citizens, and a “timed-schedule for the withdrawal of occupation forces”, pledging continued support to “the Iraqi brotherly People”.

From HE’s Second  Presidential Term Inauguration Speech , ( July 17, 2007)

 "Syria's stance was firm and her policy was clear … the occupation was rejected and stress was made on the necessity for a timetable for the withdrawal of the occupation forces , and on the right of the Iraqi people to resist occupation.”

From HE’s 2007 Speech to the Parliament, ( May 15, 2007)

 “First of all, the problem in Iraq is political, and talking to Syria as a concept means talking to all the other parties inside Iraq and outside Iraq. We're not the only player. We're not the single player, but we are the main player in this issue, and our role is going to be through supporting the dialogue between the different parties inside Iraq with the support from the other parties like the Americans and the other neighbouring countries and any other country in the world. So that's how we can stop the violence.”

From HE’s ABC News Interview, (February 5, 2007)

 “That's what I said -- many times to many Americans and to the British officials: There is no doubt you are going to win the war, but after the war, you are going to be sinking in the mud, and nobody can help you. You are going to help us people to extract us from the quagmire, but it's going to be very difficult. And events proved that what we said in Syria was right.” “When you talk about next, every day in Iraq you have dead people, you have explosions, you have killing. So it's going on anyway, so anybody could think that he's next whether by execution or whether it's by assassination or by suicide bombers.”

From HE’s ABC News Interview, (February 5, 2007) 

  "We do what we can for ourselves to control the borders, not for them but for us.. The insurgents who kill civilians, they harm Syria.” "We support the political process in Iraq, it is very important for stability regardless of the constitution, for them to have independence.”

   From HE’s Interview with Sky News, (March 17, 2006)

 “We opposed the invasion of Iraq for reasons relating to our principles, values and interests in as much as we will oppose any intervention or invasion of any Arab land. We are committed to the principle of non intervention in the Iraqi affairs and announced our desire to establish a relationship based on more fraternity, integration and coordination…we express readiness to offer help to Iraq when the Iraqi people ask us to do so. We also underscored Iraq unity, stability and necessity of participation of all Iraqi people in the political process…in addition to withdrawal of foreign troops from their lands. I stress today that all these aims, particularly the unity of the Iraqi land, cannot be established unless they depend on a future solution represented by the Arabism of Iraq…I also stress that the future of the whole region depend on this principle. There are many scenarios and ideas being discussed and presented regarding the issue of Iraq, but all these scenarios depend on the sectarian principle…if we take an extremist idea and its contrast in extremism and take a third idea in middle then all of them will lead to the disintegration and destruction of Iraq as long as they rely on the sectarian basis. In return, if we take all these probabilities on the basis of Iraq Arabism, then the result will be for sure the stability of Iraq and maintaining its territorial integrity. The word of Arabism of Iraq is not chauvinist or ethnic. Arabism is a civilized meaning as it doesn’t negate ethnics, cultures or languages or any of the components of the Arab society, which exists in now in this hall. It’s the natural history of our region, and, subsequently, no group or segment or faction in this Arab world must feel sensitive over this presentation or this idiom as it’s the only and strongest melting point for all these rich components…it’s rich through the presence of Arabism and poor and harmful without it. We wish that all Arab brothers on all levels whether in government office, media men or intellectuals to shun themselves from the quagmire of sectarian idioms presented now in Iraq because we want to restore to Iraq its Arabism not to be drawn by some Iraqis into the sectarian quagmire otherwise we all will drown in one ship. In the presence of these events and tendencies we were aware of the size of negative consequences of the Iraqi situation which would affect Syria and the region in general…as a result of internal and regional interactions resulting from the invasion…this has appeared obviously over the past three years in a way that gave credibility to our warnings before the invasion…and instead of admitting the mistakes, occupation forces started to blame the others for their difficulties they face in Iraq…they began to settle other accounts regarding stance which reject policies of hegemony whenever they are…and today after years of search for the lost victory in Iraq they only found unborn victory and unlimited rejection.”

From HE’s Arab Lawyers Speech, (January 21, 2006)

 “Iraq today is the obvious example before us. I think the Iraqi citizen today enjoys freedom more than the American soldier does. The occupation forces are now in need for the Iraqi people to take them out of their dilemma. Suddenly a foreign official appears in Iraq where he/she makes furry statements and then escapes… at the beginning they tried to raise the morale of their followers and troops, but every time thinks went so badly they were forced to raise the morale. Such farce has now been to Lebanon as you see… this is good because this means surely that the current, which calls the internationalization, is in dilemma.”

From HE’s Arab Lawyers Speech, (January 21, 2006)

 "Syria was basically against the war and has always called in public for the departure of the occupying troops from Iraq. It's taken for granted that we offer any possible help for the departure of the occupation troops…or let's say to offer all facilities…because help could take other meanings…surely we are ready."

From HE’s Al Hayat Newspaper Interview, (June 26, 2006)

 “If you talk about minority or majority, I don't have a clue. But there is a big difference between Saddam being gone and my country being occupied. So there is no sense of linking the two things together. If we say Saddam has gone because he is a dictator. So what? He killed hundreds of thousands. But how many did this war kill? Nearly two hundred thousand. So I want to get rid of this dictator to protect you but at the same time killing another two hundred thousand. There is no logic. So what if he is gone?”

From HE’s PBS TV Interview, (March 30, 2006)

 “What is the relation between democracy and occupying a country like Iraq? What is the relation between democracy and having five to six million Palestinians outside their country? There are many things that harm the credibility of those people. Yes, we need democracy but our democracy. And if you say what is the meaning of our democracy you have to go back to culture. It should be step by step and should be internal by dialogue among the people of this country and society, and the Middle East at large. Any imported democracy, regardless the will behind it, is going to be a failure.”

From HE’s PBS TV Interview, (March 30, 2006)

 “If we put aside the interest of the United States in Iraq, we have an interest in having stability because any effect in our region will be like domino effect, especially if we have chaos. If what is going in Iraq is bad, this will have bad effects on Syria.”

From HE’s PBS TV Interview, (March 30, 2006)

 “If you want to judge me as president, what I have done, you should first know what the people want. This is first. So, who asked the Iraqis what they want? Second, if you talk about achievements, it is not what I say about achievements but what the people say about something I achieved for them. So, first of all, let the Iraqis have their say in that. I wouldn't listen to any official or any person from outside Iraq because Iraq belongs to the Iraqis. So you have to ask the Iraqis first not any other person. But nobody asks them. “

From HE’s PBS TV Interview, (March 30, 2006)

 “Striking Iraq is a striking the Arab nation because Iraq has big economic, scientific and human potentials and a big national and Islamic castle to the Arab nation. All these reasons pushed for the war. But what are the methods? The methods started after the invasion of Kuwait and is continuing until now. The blockade caused the death of hundred thousands of Iraqi children.”

 From HE’s Speech to the Arab Parties  Conference,  ( March 5, 2006) 

  

 

“This question was proposed to us in September 2004 during a visit of a US delegation to Syria, and we said that we do not oppose the signing of a Syrian-Iraqi-American agreement to control the border, but they left with no return, we tried to follow up the issue later, but we did not find any response. So it is not right that such an agreement was signed. We asked them to say what are the details of their demands on the border and we did not receive a reply at all. A part from the US interests, we have an interest in controlling the border and there is an old suffering on the Syrian-Iraqi border. But, as you know through the Syrian Turkish border, it is impossible to control the border one hundred percent. Moreover, the border can not be controlled from one side. As you said, Syria has taken measures, but if we look on the other side of the Iraqi border, we will find that there isn't any Iraqi or US measure. The Syrian-Turkish cooperation has made the Syrian-Turkish border controlled to a maximum level, despite the fact that they are longer than the border with Iraq and more complicated from the demographic and geographic sides. "

From HE’s Turkish TV Interview, (December 28, 2005)

 “The border will not be controlled without cooperation, and I believe that there are some groups at the US administration that do not want Syrian cooperation in order to continue saying that Syria is not cooperating. This game has become crystal clear from our part, because they did not ask for any of these things, and because they are not compatible with our interests. On the contrary, we said we are enthusiastic about this cooperation. But they propose the idea and expect us to say No! When we say yes, they escape."

From HE’s Turkish TV Interview, (December 28, 2005)

 “For us in Syria, we have had guards on our borders with Iraq for a long time, or for the past two decades. As you know, there is no country in the world which can control its borders completely with any other country in this world. The Americans accuse us of this while at the same time they say that they are unable to control their borders with Mexico. The United States is a superpower, yet it cannot control its borders, so how could Syria control its borders? Nevertheless, there is a possibility for the borders to be controlled in a reasonable manner: not closed, but controlled, which means that smuggling individuals is at its lowest with any country. In order to achieve this we need the two sides of the borders. One party cannot control the borders. This means that there should be certain measures taken on the other side, in Iraq, by the Americans or the Iraqis. These measures could be military, could be technical, or there might be security cooperation. The fact of the matter is that the problem in Iraq is the great political failure and the great military failure which we can see now. This is the reality. “

From HE’s Russian TV Interview, (December 12, 2005)

 “There is no desire to acknowledge that the resistance in Iraq is carried out mostly by Iraqis. The Americans are always blaming other parties: they blame individuals they call terrorists who carry out operations against the forces present there, the occupation forces. This is not true. This is running away from the truth. That is why they say there are individuals who come to Iraq through the Syrian borders. Of course there is a certain situation which appeared after the war on Iraq which led to the increase of extremism. Terrorism is on the rise in our region and in the world. There are borders which are crossed illegally by individuals. This is always there, but it increases with the effect of the wars which surround us. Blaming Syria is the alternative for not acknowledging the failure which exists in Iraq now. ”

From HE’s Russian TV Interview, (December 12, 2005)

 “First, they say that they cannot control their borders with Mexico, so how could we control our borders with Iraq?  Therefore, the issue of controlling the borders completely and absolutely is only theoretical and practically impossible.  Nevertheless, Syria is controlling the borders to a great extent.  I shall give an example illustrated by figures: They say that they estimate the number of terrorists in Iraq at about 1,000 to 3,000.  And they know that Syria stopped in the past two years about 1,600, which is 52% of their estimates.  Anyway, everything said in this regard is a case of escaping forward, or is like the ostrich which buries its head in the sand in order not to sea the truth.  The main danger or error which leads to terrorism in Iraq is, first of all, the wrong war.  Second, it is the wrong political performance in managing the affairs of Iraq by the occupation powers.  This accusation to Syria aims simply at blaming somebody else so that they do not take responsibility.”

From HE’s Interview given to France 3 TV, (December 5,  2005)

 “What is happening in Iraq is cause for concern for every Arab. This Arab country is in the process of fragmentation and disintegration. And no one knows when the big explosion that will throw the region into the vortex of the unknown and lead to dangerous repercussions that could affect regions far beyond the boundaries of the Middle East will happen. The first danger threatening Iraq is eliminating its Arab identity under a number of pretexts and implications which are at odds with the history of Iraq and its people. The second danger is the political and security chaos which pervades the Iraqi arena and which is directly related to the question of Iraq’s territorial integrity. The more chaos prevails, the greater the possibility for internal strife, which increases the danger on Iraq and leads to shedding more of the blood of innocent Iraqis. Both dangers pave the way before the disintegration of Iraq with its incumbent direct dangers for Iraq’s neighbors. When damage goes beyond the borders of any country, it is no longer an internal issue. Other countries become directly concerned with developments in that country. Hence, we say that Iraq’s Arab identity is an Arab and regional concern in as much as it is an Iraqi concern; and preserving it is the duty of all concerned countries, particularly those neighboring Iraq. We all have to support the desires of the Iraqi people who support and uphold the true identity of Iraq, which is an Arab identity in terms of Iraq’s land, people, heritage and history. “

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “There were negative propositions when the Iraqi constitution was put to the vote. And before the Iraq question, the issue of Arabism was raised in a negative manner, i.e. accusing Arabism or Arab nationalism of racism. This is unfair to Arab nationalism, in most cases, and has malicious motives and expresses ignorance, in other cases. Nationalism is not a racist concept and is not based on race. I remember that we studied at school that nationalism is based on a number of pillars like race, geography, history, common interests, mutual interests and other factors. Neither this theory, nor the national history of the region say that we thought, at any time, in a racist manner. The model is Syria in its diversity, despite the fact that it believes in Arab nationalism. Arabism is a civilization concept which absorbs all cultures and interests, and particularly the common desire to live together. This common desire is often combined with common interests, which are, in turn, related to geography and history. Most of these factors are interrelated; but no concept or cause bases Arab nationalism on race. “

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “International, regional and local parties have been trying to cause confusion in relation to Syria’s stances towards Iraq. This has been done by distorting these positions through a systematic campaign to imply that there is a Syrian link to the chain of regrettable incidents whose victims are the Iraqi people. There was a strong interaction between the Syrian and Iraqi peoples after the invasion of Iraq. This meeting between the two peoples had been forbidden for long decades: since the independence of the two countries. The great powers thought that this meeting was unacceptable, so they started to accuse Syria of all the terrorist operations taking place in Iraq with the aim of destroying the bridges between the two peoples and preventing any meeting between them in the future naturally and in a manner that saves these powers any effort to prevent this meeting. This accusation, of course, creates a gap between the two peoples which becomes difficult to bridge.”

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “At the same time, there have been Iraqi officials who ignored Syria’s position towards these operations and used to blame Syria again and again and wonder why Syria does not condemn these operations. I do not recall that we supported these operations, neither in a speech nor in a newspaper article. I used to ask them, what is the problem? They used to say that we always put the news of these operations on the first pages of our papers. What kind of explanation is that? Of course all papers put the important news on the first page. I made statements later, and we wrote editorials and article in our papers which express clearly our rejection of these terrorist operations. But it seems that it is forbidden for these Iraqi officials to listen to what we say. So, we say to the Iraqi people very clearly that we condemn any terrorist operation against any Iraqi citizen, and add that, as far as we are concerned, the blood of every Iraqi is exactly the same as the blood of every Syrian. We have to work, and we will continue to work as we have worked in the past, to preserve Iraqi blood, honor, independence and aspirations. This leads us to talk about the borders, this big lie which is being used as a well drawn scheme to accuse Syria. It is being circulated and exaggerated as the occupation forces in Iraq face more problems. I talked previously on the subject and said that when Collin Powell came in 2003 and talked to us about controlling the borders, we said that we could not, and this has been a chronic problem. In principle, no country can control its borders. Big trucks used to enter Syria undetected, so how do you want Syria to control the passage of individuals? At any rate, if you are so concerned about this problem, we accept any technology that could help us in this area. Of course they have not provided anything. “

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “Many American delegations came and talked to us about the same issue. They used to start by saying the United States cannot control its borders with Mexico, and end up by saying that Syria has to control its borders with Iraq. This means that a super-power cannot control its borders and we can. Iraqi delegations came and talked with the same logic; and there were unfounded accusations. We told our Iraqi brothers that we were prepared to cooperate in that regard. We told all these parties that regardless of the American demand, and regardless of any pressure, we have an interest in controlling our borders, because the chaos in Iraq had a direct impact on the security situation in Syria. So, we have an interest, but cooperation requires two parties. Shall we cooperate with ourselves on both sides of the border? We are on one side of the border, and there has to be cooperation on the other side, whether on the part of the Americans or the Iraqis. We stress again today that we are open without limits to cooperation with our Iraqi brothers, whether for controlling the borders directly or what lies beyond the borders, through security cooperation and other measures. The strange thing is that the American accusations after the invasion and until the middle of 2004 were about what they called them Jihadis or Salafis or fundamentalists or Islamic terrorists. Suddenly these became Baathists and followers of Sadam Husein. This shows the state of confusion and the psychological pressure on the occupation forces. “

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “I just wanted to lay this before you very quickly, because we talked about it before, just to point out that Syria does not neglect the border issue; neither does it neglect the Iraqi interests or its own. But the real problem lies in the difficulties faced by the Americans or by the occupation forces in Iraq in general. Of course it is unreasonable for them to say that they are wrong. Its only natural that they should blame others, and the easiest is to blame Syria. We tried our best, at the same time, to establish close cooperation with the current Iraqi government and invited president Jala Talabani and prime minister Ibrahim Ja’afari immediately after they took office. We sent a diplomatic delegation to Baghdad to restore diplomatic relations and open embassies. The delegation was authorized to discuss cooperation in the security and political areas. The mission of this delegation was thwarted and it was not allowed to meet local officials although it stayed a full week in Iraq. The delegation was supposed to prepare for the visit of the foreign minister and other officials from different sectors so that we could start a new relationship with Iraq and achieve a quality leap. This is what we had heard from Mr Ja’afari when he visited Syria before becoming prime minister. The occupation forces caused the failure of this delegation; and the political relationship was prevented. I am saying this so that no one might think that we have not tried, or we have not done our duty by the relationship with Iraq in all its aspects. But we do not blame them, because they do not have the final say on this. Despite all what I have Jut said, I renew my invitation to Mr Talabani and Mr Ja’afari to overcome their unjustified fear and visit Syria, because, ultimately, no one will stand by Iraq except its Arab sister states. Syria will remain beside Iraq to preserve it from the destruction of this wrong war so that it could go back to playing its Arab and regional role and to occupy the place it deserves in the international community. It has become urgent at this stage to draw a time frame for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Iraq, because that will protect Iraq against internal fragmentation, restore its independence, preserve the lives of innocent people, save it from the daily mistakes of the occupation forces which cause more chaos; and is a better alternative to blaming their mistakes on others.”

From HE’s Damascus University Speech, (November 10, 2005)

 “I wouldn't say this is true. It's completely wrong. You have an aspect of the problem. The first aspect is no country can control his borders completely. And example is the border between the United States and Mexico. And many American officials told me: "We cannot control our border with Mexico." But at the end, they end up saying: "You should control your border with Iraq."

From HE’s CNN Interview, (October 12, 2005)

 "This is impossible, and I told Mr. Powell that for the first time we met after the war. I told him: "It's impossible to control the border." “And we asked for some technical support, but we did many steps to control our border, as I said, not completely, but we did many steps. And we'd like to invite any delegation from the world or from the United States to come and see our borders to see the steps that we took, and to look at the other side to see nothing. There is nobody on the other side, American or Iraqi.”

From HE’s CNN Interview, (October 12, 2005)

 “Regardless for the United States, one, our interest as Syria is to have stable Iraq. And when you have insurgency or terrorism or anything like this, you will have more chaos. When you have more chaos, you will have fragmented Iraq. That means affecting Syria directly. This is contagious. So from our point of view, we should help the Iraqis being stable. But they must be -- we should differentiate between insurgency and the Iraqis who fight against the American and British troops. This is something different. I'm talking about the people who killed the Iraqis, those who will call them terrorists. We are against them completely.” “That's what I answered a few moments ago, that we are ready to support the political process. You cannot achieve stability and prevent the Iraq from civil war or from fragmentation without political process. You cannot. You need the political process, and we support it. And we support this government. So we support Iraq. It's different from supporting the United States.”

From HE’s CNN Interview, (October 12, 2005)

  

“All Iraqis know that we stood firmly against the aggression on Iraq, and still stand against its occupation. We saw that launching the war on Iraq mean that the region and the world would enter into the unknown.”

 From HE’s Speech to the Syrian Expatriates  Conference,  (October 9, 2004)

  “We assert today that we do our best to preserve the unity of Iraq and secure its stability to help the country restore its full sovereignty. This requires enacting a constitution that reflects the will of the Iraqi people and aspirations, and the withdrawal of the foreign troops from their lands.”

 From HE’s Speech to the Syrian Expatriates  Conference,  (October 9, 2004)

“The situation is bad in Iraq due to occupation.  The Americans have begun to admit this fact. There is a great deal of chaos. What takes place in Iraq affects Syria in particular and other neighboring countries in general. The situation in Iraq makes terrorism stronger. The region has become a fertile environment to produce further terrorism.  The Iraqi situation negatively affects the peace process. "

From HE’s Interview with The Chinese People’s Daily, (June 21, 2004)

  "There can be no growth when war and chaos prevail. The situation in Iraq directly affects economy and leaves no room for investments.  The situation there affects the psychological and morale status of the citizens. This is due to the fact that there are blood bonds between the peoples of the region. The clans and tribes of the region interact and get affected by what happens to each of them.  The situation in Iraq directly or indirectly affects Syria especially in the long run. That is why we are interested in finding a solution to the Iraqi issue.”

From HE’s Interview with The Chinese People’s Daily, (June 21, 2004)

 "The United States has become a source of instability for the first time.  "It is the chaos in Iraq. There are weapons being smuggled into Syria, and also the growing extremism and a feeling of hatred against the United States that have never existed before."

 From HE’s Interview with the Spanish El Pais Daily, (May 13, 2004)

 “We have expressed our view point even before the war .We have said in Sharm elSheikh, in many press interviews and even during the war. We said that the Americans would sink in a quagmire and the occupation forces as well. As for the Iraqis, they will pay a very high price which is higher than that they used to pay in the past decades.”

From HE’s Interview with Al Jazeera TV, (May 3, 2004)

 “I can see everything except what the American are saying. Everything except the liberation of Iraq , democracy, improvement of the living conditions, and prosperity; everything except these terms. It is certainly an occupation. They in one way or another , or maybe directly through political and field performance,  express failure. No doubt they have failed ; there is no need for analysis. What has been proposed? What’s the outcome to date? Are the Iraqi people prosperous? Are the services better now? Is security prevailing? What is that has been changed?”

From HE’s Interview with Al Jazeera TV, (May 3, 2004)

 "The Arab popular stances are clear. .we see them in the demonstrations which take place now and then to express support to the Iraqi people. For ourselves , as governments, we can not move away from public opinion. Firstly in Iraq, we are in no position to replace the Iraqi people. This is something that should be listed as a matter of principle to us .We should in no way interfere in the Iraqi internal affairs. We support the Iraqi people in the way they deem suitable.  When there is a side that represents the Iraqi people , we deal with it.”

From HE’s Interview with Al Jazeera TV, (May 3, 2004)

 “ This was raised immediately following the occupation of Iraq. A number of US. officials and some European figures raised this issue with me. Our reply was always that if there were insurgents going into Iraq from Syria, then you knew who were they, or you had arrested a number of them. What are their names ?  Where are their passports ? Are they Syrians? Are they fake? Give some names.. tell us how did they manage to go there.. Until now there is no information… give us any piece of information...because this is smuggling … it means that there are persons entering Iraq through the Syrian borders and we do not know about that. We are concerned with that issue . As a country, we are concerned with knowing our borders …is it arms or persons? We do not know. But up till now, there is no piece of information. All what they have said is mere talk.” “ I say: Send us one name. This is a sort of throwing the responsibility – the responsibility of failure on other states. This is the whole issue.”

From HE’s Interview with Al Jazeera TV, (May 3, 2004)

 "Each state has a special method of action. The federal system is a success in Germany. This might be a success in another form . There is somebody who put forward different forms of federation. Does federation means administrative decentralization, or form of decentralization.  I warn that the danger lies in the fact that the federation is based on ethnic groups and communities . This thing is seen by us and by others as dangerous. Even the Iraqi people reject it through what we hear from the Iraqis themselves. This form of federation based on the ethnic groups and communities . This thing is seen by us and by others as dangerous. Even the Iraqi people reject it through what we hear from the Iraqis themselves. This form of federation that is based on the ethnic groups or community or on religion is a dangerous thing."

From HE’s Interview with Al Jazeera TV, (May 3, 2004)

 

 "Since the beginning of occupation, we have been opting for immediate withdrawal. It is said now there is a demand for the existence of US troops to prevent disorder and unrest. But there is a mixture between the existence of disorder accrued from the non-availability of an authority and from the troops' incapability of doing their duties and between the possibility of a civil war. The Iraqi delegations which represented all the Iraqi people had one common language to the effect that a civil war is possible with the continuation of such disorder, I am optimistic for having no unrest among the Iraqis. Therefore, we ask, what is the objective out of the existence of the occupation troops. Are they for controlling security. They certainly cannot. All forms of disorder exist in areas where many troops are available. In areas where an American authority is not available, the Iraqis have organized themselves, founded local authorities and controlled security and economic affairs. What is important for any world state is to make people unite for anything they agree upon. All in one home usually agree on a national structure which is a government. What is demanded then are an Iraqi government chosen by the people and a constitution placed by them. There is no other solution.”

  From HE’s Interview with Al-Hayat Daily , (November 7, 2003)

  "We have a starting point with respect to the Syrian-Iraqi relations which were full of difference in the past. But now, the natural thing about which we think in the future is the opposite, i.e., that relations be good and full of amity, joint interests and all positive points. In this respect, there is neither an Arab nor a foreign mediator. The Syrian-Iraqi relation is a relation of neighborhood. It cannot take another meaning. We support other positions when they play a positive role in the service of the Iraqi people, but they cannot replace the direct relation which is a relation of neighborhood. Any role played by Syria will be based on what the Iraqi people want, but till now, there is not specified formula because there is not state. And until this moment, I have not heard any Iraqi citizen saying that the Iraqis need foreign forces. And I don't believe that there is a problem now between Iraq and the neighboring states.”

 From HE’s Interview with Al-Hayat Daily, (November 7, 2003)

 “We, before the Iraq war, told the Americans who were talking about the "fantastic victory" that such a victory was axiomatic for a super power like the US, but failure after this victory is the dilemma in which America fell.” “After the Iraq war, it was confirmed that force achieves two things: the occupation of land and the destruction of a country and killing people. Force has not achieved anything else; and the solution lies in return to the UN.”

 From HE’s Interview with Al-Hayat Daily, (November 7, 2003)  

 “With regard to Iraq, its people are living in very difficult conditions at the political, human and living levels, and they manifest their real desire of determining their own affairs and exert every efforts to regain their independence to which they accept no alternative. Syria is a neighboring country to Iraq with which we share the unity of history and destiny, with which we interact and by which we are directly affected. Therefore we are much concerned about its stability and territorial integrity and it is of our interest that Iraq regains its independence and freedom at the very soonest. It is also of our interest that Iraqis choose their government by themselves and that the UN plays an essential role in helping to achieve Iraq's independence and to get over the destructive results of the war.”

From HE’s Speech Welcoming the Spanish King  , ( October 21, 2003)

 "We are not interested in the government which is being cooked by them. There are vital and intermingled interests. We are affected directly by what is taking place in Iraq. Our concern in Iraq is that the situation must be safe, keeps unity of Iraqi lands and Iraq must be an Arab home land to all people. Then, it is not important how the government's form might be. The government must represent the country, Iraq, as an Arab Muslim country. There is a coordination between us and states like Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iran concerning Iraq either at the bilateral or collective levels.”

 From HE’s Interview with Al-Arabia TV , ( June 10, 2003)

 “What is going in Iraq was planned before and the Iraqi and the Palestinian issues are inseparable as far as the US. administration and the Zionist lobby within this administration are concerned.”

  From HE’s Interview with Al- Safir Daily, (March 28, 2003)

 "The situation as we see it, or as it is seen by other people in other countries in Arab, Middle Eastern or even distant countries outside the Middle East; all these countries agree that the situation is very bad politically, economically, on the humanitarian level and from the other perspectives. That is what we heard from the Iraqis themselves; who have the real problem." The problem started with the occupation and the collapse of the state in Iraq. Regardless of how we look at a country like Iraq, the solution is to reverse this process, by withdrawal (of occupation), and by establishing a state which guarantees stability and prosperity, regardless of how we define this state. So the most important thing is to agree on withdrawal, as a principle, and to set a timetable for withdrawal. Parallel to that, there should be an Iraqi constitution approved by the Iraqi people. This constitution prepares at a later stage for the election of other institutions in the state, like a government, a parliament or other institutions that represent the Iraqi state and people. We should agree on principles and then we should discuss the timetable.”

 From HE’s Interview with the Greek TV , (December 14, 2003)

  "There should be work on building the state with its different institutions. Some people argue that the withdrawal of the American forces will lead to a civil war. This might be true if there were a civil war in Iraq. There was no civil war in Iraq. Iraq was not a nation without state. Previously, it had many problems, and we have our view on these problems, but there was a form of state, and many people disagreed with that state, and we ourselves disagreed with that state. But there is no civil war in order to say that the withdrawal of America and British forces will lead to more turbulence. This is one aspect. On the other hand, it depends on how these forces deal with the Iraqi condition.”

 From HE’s Interview with the Greek TV , (December 14, 2003)

  "If the American forces withdraw without allowing the Iraqi people to draw a constitution and to elect their institutions, there would be problems. These occupation forces have responsibilities. The responsibility is to transfer authorities to the Iraqi people, so that they can choose their own future. Then, the withdrawal of these forces will be positive in all respects, for the Iraqi people and the Iraqi state."

  From HE’s Interview with the Greek TV , (December 14, 2003)

 “We were not close to Saddam and did not have an embassy in Baghdad. I never met him or talked with him on the phone. What you said about the oil is true. We had economic relations with Iraq. What you said about the Syrian government allowing armaments to go to Iraq is not correct. Arms were smuggled by individuals. The government had nothing to do with it. We allowed families to come to Syria, women and children. But we were suspicious of some of the relatives -- that they had positions in the past and were responsible for killings in Syria in the '80s.”

   From HE’s Interview with the New York Times, (December 1, 2003)

 “The first point I'd like to stress is that all what I said to Americans, whether the American officials or through our statements before and during the war, turned out now to be true. In fact things are even going worse than Syria expected. So, what we fear is already there, and now there is an escalating trend of terrorism that neither our neighbors nor we are able to control. There is also an armament smuggling among countries. There is also no side in Iraq with whom you can agree on any procedures or measures. Therefore, I think the solution in Iraq is to allow the Iraqis to write their own constitution and to elect their own government. What we hear from the Iraqis is that they want elections at the level of people, while the American point of view is that the interim government should draw the constitution; whether it's an interim or permanent constitution I don't know, but this is what the Americans are calling for. And I think that if this is done, it's going to be one of the reasons for chaos in the future in Iraq. That's why we believe that those who are going to draft the constitution should be elected by the Iraqi people, and this is an Iraqi proposal and not a Syrian one.”

From HE’s Interview with the New York Times, (December 1, 2003)

 “We asked the Iraqis who visited us about this point. They said to us categorically and absolutely clearly that we do not want any military role for any country in the world, and any forces that will enter into Iraq whether they are foreign or Arab forces will be treated as the enemy.”

From HE’s Interview with the New York Times, (December 1, 2003)

  “President Assad reiterated Syria’s opposition to a strike against Iraq saying: "You cannot change the regime without killing millions of Iraqis." "Our concern is about entering the unknown. Even the United States does not know how a war in Iraq is going to end." Asserting that " there was no justification for a U.S. war on Iraq, it would kill millions of people and plunge the whole Middle East into uncertainty." "We certainly are against the use of military force as a general principle. Nobody should go to war because he does or doesn't like this or that country.”

From HE’s Interview with Reuters, (November 18, 2002)

 “You cannot implement the law one day and not the next. It is selectively implemented. This is what is happening now in the Security Council." The President said Iraq had been asked to accept the return of weapons inspectors and had done so. "Everybody is happy except the United States which is obstructing the return of inspectors."

From HE’s Interview with Reuters, (November 18, 2002)

 

“Iraq is destroyed for the sake of UN resolutions and UN resolutions are destroyed for the sake of Israel."

From HE’s Speech before the 9th OIC Summit, (November 13, 2000)

 

Dr. Mohammad Abdo Al-Ibrahim