President Bashar Al-Assad, in an interview with Lebanese al-Manar TV, tackled crises in the Middle East and the role of resistance in regaining Arab and Palestinian rights. He also spoke about the upcoming Arab Summit in Libya, the Israeli aggression on the Palestinians and peace talks.

On Syria's success in overcoming many crises over the past few years through its steadfast and challenge policy, taking into consideration that this policy could have cost Syria a precious price, President Al-Assad said "there is an imposed risk and there is a risk by choice. As for Syria, we are not adventurers… but we live in the Middle East… it is a complicated area throughout history…. There has been always greed in this region because it is the center of the world and it has strategic interests… if you want to make a policy or a war, it is in all cases a risk, but as I said it is imposed on us… we should differentiate between risk and gambling… gambling is to suppose that the simplest and best solution is to put our future and capabilities in the hands of superpowers that will solve our problems."

 President Al-Assad added that through the past experiences… the superpowers have always complicated problems due to different reasons, most of which are bad intentions… we have never been engaged or accepted to be part of a gamble that makes Syria and its interests part of a foreign scheme … this was done when they proposed the Middle East scheme which had many sides including Iraq, Lebanon and it was supposed to include Syria… they tried to allure Syria before Iraq war to be part of the scheme … but we rejected, so it was inevitable to pay the price… this is similar to what I mentioned in my address in 2005 that the price of resistance is less than chaos.

As for Syria's firm policy which stands against bargains and that the US which is a regime that will only believe in pressure and bargains… nevertheless, relation with the US has improved, President Al-Assad said." As a result, they ( the US and the planners of the scheme  ) and at that time ( the administration of President George Bush) along with France, Britain and Israel, and other allies in Europe and the world, as a result… all those schemes have failed and it was inevitable to find another way to deal with the real situation. "

 "I think that they have begun to learn lessons… the administrations are continuously changing… other persons, who won't read history, make the same fault… history is repeated… in addition to our firm stances which represent our interests, we deal with developments through explaining reality… they have adopted the policy of idioms such as terrorism, democracy… good, bad… but fortunately they fell in this trap and lived in illusion," the President said.

 On his differentiation between Bush and Obama Administrations, President Al-Assad said "there are clear differences in proposals which we hear in the speeches and in the approach… we no longer hear the language of dictations… there are differences in viewpoints… of course we cannot say there are results for a specified US policy, we say there is no policy, but there are also institutions in the US… perhaps they don't want President Obama to succeed… so, to be objectives, we should differentiate.


As for US Ambassador Stephen Ford's speech on March 16th on Syria saying that he was not a prize for Syria… Syria has not  changed… its situation is worrying, and his speech about the danger of Syrian relations with Hezbollah and the danger of Syria going to a confrontation with Israel, the President said "he talked before the Congress and before becoming an Ambassador.. when he comes to Syria, we can deal with each word through our well-known stances… any ambassador, regardless of his/her personality, represents the policy of his/her country… governments outline the policy and its results, not the Ambassador or his/her statements… nevertheless I will not comment on the Ambassador statements... when he comes to Syria and presents his credentials, then we can deal with each word through our known stances. "

 Considering the alleged price paid by Syria to improve its relations with the West and  maybe also with the Arabs as accepting diplomatic relations with Lebanon and open embassies, President Al-Assad said "some parties stressed that they have achieved something through their policies over the past five years… in fact, they have achieved nothing, but engaged Lebanon in maze… I don't refer or specify any party… but as a result, the situation in Lebanon was not good… I supposed the embassy in 2005… it wasn't a Lebanese proposal… neither any of our allies… at that time, this suggestion was supported by Speaker Nabih Berri and it was proposed in the presence of Presidents Berri, Lahoud and Omar Karami at a meeting of the Syrian Lebanese Higher Committee."

 "The issue of the embassy was a Syrian proposal… without the Syrian conviction it would not be  possible to have two embassies in Syria and Lebanon… when we feel that any idea comes through a demand or interference, will be rejected … a good example on this was the issue of demarcation… a lot of countries talked about demarcating borders with Lebanon, but our answer was very clear… it is a bilateral issue between Syria and Lebanon… now, we have begun to talk about this issue when Premier Saad al-Hariri came to Syria… before that the issue was not on the table of discussion," the President added.

 On  Shab'aa  issue and talk by some Lebanese that Syria insists on not giving Lebanon an official document that Shaba'a is a Lebanese territory, President Al-Assad said, " You do not grant an official document that you do not have...You have this official document when you make the steps that lead to this document. These steps are legal steps to demarcate properties for their owners. After ending these procedures of property we start a demarcation process on the ground, then the issue will be settled; but to give an official document only for political reasons, this is illogical".

 On the development of events in Lebanon, President Al-Assad said that evaluating developments in Lebanon was just reading development of events. Events repeat themselves because the same superpowers commit the same mistake and the same powers, and maybe new powers, but based on the same basis that solution comes from outside. In conclusion all those powers collapse.

 "Of course, a new May 17th is more important, bigger and more dangerous than May 17th 1983 which aimed at leading Lebanon to that time peace process; at that time in the 1980's there were Camp David Accords, but now the new May 17th is the Middle East Scheme that Condoleezza Rice had spoken about. This one has different parties:  Lebanon is one of its parts; Iraq is another, toppling regimes and states and promoting Israeli-American plans as an approach for us as states and peoples. This plot failed with the failure of the Bush's Administration in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Lebanon when Israel failed to achieve its goals in 2006 to subjugate Syria and Iran and failed to change their policies. Israel failed in its plots against Lebanon to bring down resistance. All these things failed on May 17th; that is why when I talked about the previous May 17th the vision was clear that this will reoccur … it is a matter of time. I did not know when that will collapse, but I knew it will collapse.

 President Al-Assad added that battles will continue. " I do not see them stopping, as I said at the beginning, the Middle East is a complicated region; as long as greed is there and as long as the superpowers do not learn the lessons, battles will continue. Pace speeds up and slows down, there will be periods of peace, and in return periods of tension. Will there be wars? God knows, but the region will not be quiet until people's trend wins. People  learned the lesson that solving problems is in our hands and not through wavering. We learned this lesson on the popular level before the official one. This is the trend now when all go along with this trend, there will be no challenges for this trend and consequently there will be no disorder".

 On the Syrian relations with Saad al-Hariri and Walid Jumblatt, President Al-Assad said, "Let's exclude Premier Saad al-Hariri being the head of the national unity government...We wish this government and its head to succeed in its difficult tasks, at the same time we try to build good relations with Premier al-Hariri in person and directly."

 On the possibility of another liberation war against Israel and what are the things that may prevent such decision, President Al-Assad said "First of all, we are talking about peace. There is a saying divorce is the most hated of the permissible things … It is permissible but hated. You look for a solution before you reach the worst one. It is the same for war. It is the worst solution. "No one looks for war, even the resistance in the Arab world. Peace is the goal. Resistance existed because of the absence of peace, so we must strive towards peace as long as there is hope."

 "You say we might have hope in the Israeli government. The answer is no; But we believe that Israel today has no option but to accept the peace. Israel's deterrence power eroded with time. The more the Israeli military force increase, the more the awareness of resistance and deterrence concepts in the Arab street increases."

 "Israel, nowadays, is actually weaker and its military force no longer guarantees its existence… Israel's supporters, either the Zionist organizations or pro-Israel Jewish groups, say that they used to believe in war or to support every Israeli war. But now, they say they believe that there is no solution before Israel but peace.

 On resistance or another liberation war, President Al-Assad added "resistance is not made by state decision. It is a natural choice of the nations when the state doesn’t work to liberate the land.

 It is well-known that Syria is an independent state with an army which is developing itself, as Israel says. We are not talking about statements or reports made by Syria's allies. The enemy itself is talking about Syria's endeavors to develop. This development means that the continuation of no-war-no-peace situation should be temporary.  It must end by either signing a peace agreement or war. There is no other option. You only go towards war when you lose hope.

 On the campaign that was launched against Lebanese President Michel  Sleiman, President Al-Assad said" I personally thought since the 1990s that Syria's going into details of Lebanese issues would harm Syria…Today I assert, particularly after the Syrian forces went out of Lebanon, that going into these details is against our interest…We have a firm stance in this regard."

 "We support Lebanese President's position as we have supported the former Lebanese Presidents al-Hrawi and Lahoud…This support stems from our belief that these Presidents represent the Lebanese state," he added.

 "If we have any criticism or note towards anyone, whether a president or an official with whom we have a direct relation, particularly the three Presidents, we have the courage to communicate with them and say something," he affirmed.

 The President said "Syria is not after any praise or criticism…I wish that the Lebanese people now and in the future would not involve Syria in these details… I hope that my answer is decisive because in the future we will not comment on these issues as we did in the past."

 "I wish that our stance is made clear towards all of the issues and any similar issues in Lebanon."

 President Al-Assad went on to say "We call upon Lebanon to outline its stances towards major issues…We want it to define its stance towards its relations with Syria and regarding Israel, peace and stability as well as cooperation and brotherly Syrian-Lebanese issues…We don't want to go into the daily details of Lebanon because this is against Syria's interest and we reject it."

 On whether some Arab countries or Lebanese parties want to establish relations with Syria as a waste of time or not, President Al-Assad said "In fact I don't have any information in this regard…It is a very general question, but our relations with some countries have a great credibility, confidence and harmony regarding the principled stances towards Israel, war or any other changes."

 "Maybe there are powers or maybe officials or people who think that way…I tell them that they are wasting their time," he added.

 To what extent is the accuracy of what is being said that what restricts Syria from entering into a serious liberation war  is that there is an official Arab decision from distant regions that is not ready to support Syria financially, politically or even morally in such a battle, President Al-Assad said "When we were in Lebanon and when we were fighting beside the Lebanese and Palestinian resistance against the Israeli occupation no one supported us…and war is imposed on you to engage in, regardless of  power balance... but when you want to take the decision of war, if we suppose that we rule out the idea of peace, and you definitely decided to engage in war, then you must put into consideration the gains, losses, the timing and the manner of the war. This decision is not an easy is not a matter of enthusiasm. We all agree that we are against an enemy that until now it understands only the language of force and we also agree that peace is apparently not coming to the region in the near term but in spite of this.  Accounts of war dramatically vary. Anyway, there are many ways through which we could achieve our goal, not necessarily through war.

 Answering a question if Walid Jumblatt's apology is sufficient, President Al-Assad said "If a person said to another I apologize to you then what does he/she mean?  It means that he/she was mistaken…that is the content which Walid Jumblatt has referred to in some interviews…we are interested in the content. Syria does not look for an apology or an expression....we do not suffer from power, triumph, superiority or defeat complexes etc, as proposed before in this context, we do not need to prove ourselves when the issue of resistance weapon is described as treachery weapon and then it turns out to be a weapon that should be supported when Syria is considered as an occupying country and then the Syrian Army considered the force which defended Lebanon in different stages…that is the content that we want…what we want is to go right on the track, I am not talking about Walid Jumblatt specifically… I am talking about the bases that Syria follows in its relations with different forces.

 We want a rapprochement of stances which we consider as right and we try to persuade the rest of them … he went to another direction and now he wants to come back....For us this is the content which others call an apology as a term but what is important is the content which we look for.

 Answering a question that some people say that Syria is seeking to humiliate Jumblatt, President Al-Assad said "insult is a negative characteristic which is not Syria's nature… a vindictive person attempts to humiliate and insult others…the strong person endures, and Syria endures…it does not insult or humiliate....we did not need procrastination…if we want to say /no/ we say /no/ and if we want to say /yes/ we say /yes/.  We were not pursuing a meeting in terms of place or time we seek as I said a meeting in terms of rapprochement of stances but when  persons separate from their family, society will not stand by their side and there will be an insult, as a result, the thing which applies to homeland and the national state, but when these persons come to their family their dignity will be fully preserved.

 "We are a state.  And a state does not forgive or embrace malice against anyone …we are a state that constructs according to bases, we have certain stances…we deal with forces, people and states according to these bases…as long as a person or a specific party takes a different destination we separate from it and once it turns back we welcome it; nothing is personal to forgive or not, we should be careful about it."

 Answering a question on the so-called equation of oblivion for oblivion or forgiveness for forgiveness, President Al-Assad said "in the past stage a lot of things were said and proposed about Syria, particularly concerning accusations …we did not care a lot about them because we considered them an echo for the bigger scheme... but when forgiveness is proposed as solution we refuse it as an idea because accepting forgiveness means accepting the accusation."

 "We say any person in Lebanon who has any certain or proved information that Syria is behind these kinds of crimes....we encourage him to follow the legal procedures that clarify things and divulge the criminals and those who colluded with them.  there is the bazaar of the international courts and investigators…it is readymade, the bazaar has lost its glow, it is no longer as it was in the past but it still exists…a bazaar which has existed for so long  …  they can go to… Maybe they can get something but if they want to deal with stories and tales then I think they can publish them as books. As for us in Syria, we do not accept forgiveness and what is important…We do not need others to forgive us."

 Replying to a question that some people compare the case of Michel Aoun who was in a state of war with Syria with that of  Jumblatt, President Al-Assad said "the comparison is correct between Syria and Aoun …there was blood shed that reached a level that no one expected a return, but there is a big radical difference in return … when General Michel Aoun  had had differences with Syria, he was not part of a foreign scheme … He had differences with Syria through conviction. In contrast our relations with the superpowers at that time were good. When Gen.l Aoun had differences with us these differences were out his conviction, we respect individual conviction… we disagree or agree … this is another issue but as he had differences with us out of his personal output or personal conviction… He had linked his personal conviction with a national conviction.  We respect this thing.'

 "'The proof is our relations with late Remond Eddeh. He attacked Syria from the moment it had entered Lebanon till his death. He did not halt his attack. When he died we spoke good things about him. Even nowadays we say he was a national personality. He was not part of a foreign scheme. The principle here differs therefore when he feuded or antagonized Syria we say he had antagonized her honorably. The idea of honor is that he was not part of a project. In return when these powers were against Syria he did not exploit this issue to ally with them. He had his convictions towards Syria and towards other powers in Lebanon close to Syria, ally to Syria or friend to it regardless of their names. He dealt with them through his convictions. He was not part of a scheme neither in the former phases nor in the present ones," he added.

 Answering a question about the date of  receiving  Mr. Walid Jumblatt The President said… we left this issue from its beginning till its end in the hands of Mr. Hassan Nasrallah, resistance, represented by the Hezbollah Party and Mr. Hassan,  has put all details of this process from its beginning till its end. Of course setting the final date has to be done with appointments in Syria. Nowadays we have the Armenian president, before him the Italian president … in the coming days we have the Arab summit… I think we will discuss this subject with any person comes from Hezbollah to set the final date.

 "It is not open after the summit. I think it will be within few days or few weeks," he added.On  Hassan Nasrallah role in  Jumbolat's  issue President al Assad said" He was the main factor... let us say there were two factors... change of political stances was in favor of our political stances at the end. As I have said stances towards resistance have changed first and towards other issues… towards relation with Syria... towards Palestinians... towards   the Israeli enemy. Second... the role of  Mr. Hassan Nasullah and the well-known resistance credibility in Syria. It is well-known… this is not a  secret .

 Credibility in Mr. Hassan and in every resistant is very high in Syria. Of course they don’t need any role to get a distinguished position that this start serves Lebanon's interests... they already have this position... they started off. We were convinced that this start serves us. Now there is a need to ease tension… there is a new government... there are shifts on the Lebanese arena... shifts in the directives of several powers which had gone far and have began to return... this kind of meetings and Syria's role help the Lebanese.

 When situation in Lebanon improves we in Syria benefit because we relax. The issue serves Lebanon first and serves us.

 President al- Assad said I go back to your question... of course I can't say that resistance role is a guarantee because there is no complete guarantee but I'd rather say a relief for Syria that things will move forward for a long time in stability because Syrian policy is stable and unshakable and does allow shakes even if they were sharp. We want stable positions. Syria looks for stable relation not interim or temporary relations."

 Answering a question about the upcoming Arab Summit, President Al-Assad said "we don’t wish it will be the last Arab summit. Nothing in the horizon suggests it will be the last summit. On the contrary what has appeared on the arena during the last decade is that we Arabs   adhered to all Arab Summits even in worst conditions, an example is the summit which have been held few weeks before Iraq invasion. I don't think people have lost trust in the summits. People have lost trust in our performance as Arab leaders," he explained.

 He added that the problem lies in the performance of Arab countries towards the Summit. There is a Syrian proposal to institutionalize the Summit proceedings." We are in need of institutionalizing the Summit. When we institutionalize it we institutionalize the meeting of Arab foreign ministers and consequently inter- Arab relations through the Arab League.

 President Al-Assad said that there is a difference in vision among Arab countries…  I have repeatedly talked about an improvement in  Arab situation… This doesn't mean that it has become good, but it is less bad. To be realistic, there is a difference in vision, but it becomes closer because we have learned that differences and depending on the other countries will not solve our problems.

 As for justifications on the Arab official level which can’t convince the Arab citizen with anything while he watches what is going on in Palestine… and what Arab regimes need, the President said our stance in Syria was very clear in 2006 war and the war on Gaza… our stance is clear and declared regarding the need for resistance… we believe that resistance is the solution; this question should be asked to the other Arab countries.

 "This question is linked to Arab regimes performance and the difference in viewpoints… we should unify Arab viewpoints, unless any speech remained theoretical," the President added.

 As for a Syrian decisive stance on the Arab initiative at the Arab forthcoming Summit, President Al-Assad said …regarding rights, destiny and future there is no courteousness, so we support what has come in the Arab Initiative and we consider it as principles that realize Arab interests… I don't think that we have to speak about canceling Arab Initiative, because its cancellation means denying references and this will be in the interest of Israel. There is a difference between canceling the Initiative and stalling peace negotiations.

 On a question on why Syria as a principle accepts indirect talks with Israel under Turkish mediation and why Syria said at the meeting of Arab foreign Minister that the Palestinian Authority may negotiate but without "cover", the President replied  "we didn’t prevent anyone… we disagreed with Yasser Arafat when he went alone but we didn't prevent him.

 "We rejected any track to be alone in the peace process… we are always with the Arab coordination on the three tracks… but after Oslo Accord, coordination between Syria and Lebanon went on till now, particularly between me and President Sleiman… of course now there is no peace process… so when we go in the peace process, Lebanon and Syria should go together… we have a joint interest, we and Lebanon to go with each other. Syria has no interest to be alone, neither Lebanon," the President added.

 In response to a question about the stance, which can be taken by the Arab Summit over the U.S. measures against anti-American T.V channels, President Al-Assad said: "This is not a separate issue. This is part of the double standards and hypocrisy of the West towards us. We assume a larger responsibility for this hypocrisy when we do not take clear stances on certain grounds, we do not accept or reject on the basis of any action we take in turn counter-measures, no one will respect us. These measures will go on this way; any statement in any summit would have no effect if there are no real measures, but this is also due to the former question on the type of pan-Arab relationships. Is there a common vision on how to deal with this issue?'

 President Al-Assad added, "This is what I talked about when I said that vision is still close, but not identical. It is sometimes convergent in a sense that we agree on the problem, but how we approach this problem?  So far, there are different views, and as long as there are different points of view I do not think that there will be any serious action to deter other states from doing such actions.

 On a question on Obama's peace initiative, President Al-Assad said, "If it had been a trouble we would have had the opportunity in the past years to say we do not want US. Sponsorship, but even in the difficult moments of the Syrian-American relations we said that the role of the United States is essential and is not associated with who's the president.

 Of course, when a president who is not willing to make peace comes to power, this role will not exist. But we normally speak of an administration that wants to push peace process forward. The United States has an important role through its distinct relationship with Israel, of course, and through its weight as the superpower. It has an important role as a guarantee for the peace process when it is done. But at the same time when you talk about correction this is true, but there is a correction on the other hand that comes through lobbies inside the United States, which means this is a weakness found in the American role, so this role needs not only correction, but needs supplements. These supplements come from other roles in both the European role and the present Turkey role.

 With all regret the United States does not know this region very well and therefore are not able to what seemed to manage the details of this process, and I tell them of our experience with them in the issue of security that they are sometimes unsystematic and they sometimes incorrectly analyze the information they always need the help. This is not a trouble, but if you understand the negative aspects of all that and knew how the other positive aspects complemented the negatives by other countries, then you reach peace and you are satisfied. Of course, we assume that there is an Israeli partner.

 In response to a question on whether Syria could establish a decision or policy based on the prospect of a widening gap in the dispute between the U.S. administration and the Zionist entity, President Al-Assad said "the issue remains a temporary event and it is not an administration issue. It is other establishments and in the powerful lobbies that support Israel, of course there is a rising talk now in The United States that did not exist years ago, on the interests of America and whether they go with the interests of Israel, or that standing with the Israeli interests will be at the expense of interests and blood of America. We do not want to bet. I always say the bet as Arabs if a bad or good U.S. administration comes and the relationship between them and Israel is good and bad. The bet is what our stance is, if not this stance is not strong; all other bets would have no value.

 Question: One cannot believe that Syria stands in the middle between the resistant fighter and those who say that Israel will not succeed in dragging us toward a new Intifada?

 President Al-Assad said: we do not want you to believe, and we do not Propose such a thing in any way, there are many aspects to this relationship…there is an aspect that is connected with the resistance where our stand is clear…we support the resistance and the steadfastness of the resistance. While the stand of the authority is clear and so is President Mahmoud Abbas's stand. He doesn't like and doesn't support the resistance. We do not hid our stand and doesn't hide his , but we actually stand in the middle with regard to the issue of the Palestinian reconciliation because reconciliation will not begin if you stand with one side against  the other or if you take sides with one party… reconciliation begins when you stand exactly in the middle , and standing in the middle means that you suppose that all sides are wrong but the issue of  those who made less or more mistakes come , comes later after the achievement of reconciliation and not  during the talk on reconciliation .Therefore you should put your view point regarding what the various forces in the Palestinian arena aside, and move toward reconciliation .Yes in this issue , we stand in the middle and we received President Mahmoud Abbas several times last year".

 Answering a question why Cairo is not convinced with this vision and thinks that Syria is influencing the Palestinian decision particularly with regard to reconciliation, President Al-Assad said that the term "influence" should be more accurate , we do not replace the Palestinians , we stand with the Palestinian and that means they should take their own decision and determine their direction and we extend help, but the solution will not come from Syria nor from Egypt  Saudi Arabia , or from any other state. If the solution doesn't come from the Palestinian arena, then we all will fail in any role we play... and I don not know why Egypt is convinced or not because for many years there has not been a political dialogue between us and Egypt and we do not know with what Egypt thinks regarding this issue.

 Answering a question on whether the Arab relations are so fragile to the extent that they stop without a reason for years, President Al-Assad said , the absence of differences is untrue , there are always differences and we say there are differences but we in Syria do not think that the differences are a problem but dealing with the difference is the problem….when we think that if you are not like me then you are against me it will be a big problem and naturally there should be differences  , but how to manage these differences , and how to prevent these difference from reflecting on the hot beds of tension in the Arab world …this is the question ! ..Therefore I go back to the idea of institutionalization because institutionalizing Arab-Arab relations prevents the transfer of Arab disputes to other arenas and at the same time prevents a division in one place in the Arab world from reflecting on our relations with some Arab countries.

 On a question whether Egypt was angry when Turkey played the role of sponsoring negotiations, President Al-Assad said, Egypt has never been a mediator and we will not accept and Egypt doesn't accept to be in the middle, Egypt can not be neutral between us and Israel, because Egypt should be with Syria even if we were different on various issues. Therefore the Turkish role has not affect any Egyptian role and each one is working in another direction and  freeze in Syrian-Egyptian relation has started before the beginning of the Turkish mediation.

 Regarding some attempts to see a thaw in the Syrian-Egyptian relations, President Al-Assad said that there was hope at the current Arab summit to see similar step to what happened between Syria and Saudi Arabia last year, but it is possible to postpone this thing due to the illness of President Mubarak . But we in Syria have responded to any Arab initiative by more than one country toward improving relations among the Arab countries.

 President Al-Assad added , things should start with dialogue and dialogue itself  closes the gap of differences and the relation between Syria and Qatar is always the best typical example to be drawn here …we do not always agree on a number of issues but there is mutual respect and continued dialogue which lead to concord on policies.

 Answering a question on how would be the relations with Turkey if the regime change there, President Al-Assad said that the relation with Turkey has been built with all the establishments even with the scientific establishments …and tomorrow we have a conference to be held on joint scientific research with universities, army, security, and with the various political forces and others particularly with those who oppose the government of Prime Minister, Erdogan. They say that although we are different in Turkey on many issues with the current government but we are unanimous on the relation with Syria.

 Answering a question regarding the concern of some Arab circles with the growing Syrian relations with Iran which raises the motto of wiping Israel out and contradicting in this with Syria's commitment to a peaceful solution through negotiations, President Al-Assad said , I have never heard from any Iranian official during three decades that they are against the achievement of peace or against the return of territories or against the peace process and during the indirect negotiations in Turkey Iran expressed support to Syrian in these negotiations. Concerning those who belief that Iran is violating the Iraq national security, President Al-Assad said the enemies who violate the national security and not a sisterly country with which we have historical and geographical ties and both Iran and Turkey are playing positive role.

 The president added, regarding Iraq I think we are doing what we do usually by throwing the blame on others and if there is any problem with a foreign link in Iraq, it is because of the Arab absence and the Arabs are invited to play their role in Iraq. Iran is a neighbor to Iraq and once fought Iraq for 8 years during the reign of President Saddam Hussein and such a war left traces on the relation between them but both have common interests and there should be a good relation between Iran and Iraq.

 President Al-Assad said, the Americans, simply, do not know what is going on in Iraq.He added , in Iraq there is no vision until now on what is the solution in Iraq, there is no awareness of what is going on and we talk with them but the worst thing is connected  with  the security aspects . The borders can only be controlled by two parties but if there is not other party , how can you evaluate the border control process.?

 On the Iraqi elections, President Al-Assad said that Syria tried prior to the elections to receive most of the Iraqi forces with the aim of underlining our good relation with these forces particularly with those who lived in Syria in the different stages , and Syria thinks that building will be with the establishment in Iraq in the next stage.

 Concerning a question whether Syria will abandon the backing the resistance at a moment, President Al-Assad Lebanon was liberated in the year 2000 by the good intention of the Israelis or the Israel's war on Lebanon in 2006 was because of the international situation that prevented Israel from achieving its goals in 2006.

 President Al-Assad said , I have said in my speeches that we should support the resistance without any shame or hesitation and Syria's stance is clear  in an issue I describe as the stage of the resistance and if any achievement was made it was made by the resistance.

 Regarding the pan-Arab idea in the thought of the Baath Party, President Al-Assad said that the pan-Arab idea is gaining strength as the only resort for the Arab countries and the idea of Arabism is what connects all the spectrums of the Arab people in the various Arab countries.

 Regarding President Al-Assad's statement during the recent Syrian-Iranian summit in Syria that Syria is an Islamic country, President Al-Assad said that Syria is an Islamic country in the context of the Organization of Islamic Conference but Syria is a pan-Arab state and has secular society and state and that doesn't mean cancelling religions. And during the celebrations with the Prophet Birthday we talked about the necessity moral legal and legislative support to the resistance.



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